A minimalist city garden of outdoor rooms with innovative topiary

On paper, the design of this city garden looks simple, almost spartan, but the executed result is a masterpiece in craftsmanship and planting, maximizing the use of space without overcrowding, and filled with details to inspire your own garden ideas.

Contemporary yet natural materials have been used decisively to create a statement garden, while a series of spacious and contemporary ‘garden rooms’, where clean lines and simplicity dominate, offer serene and calming environments. The expert use of garden zoning  offers multiple destinations for friends and family to gather.

city garden with grass parterre, yew domes and evergreen structure with limestone hard landscaping

(Image credit: Clive Nichols)

Garden designer Matt Keightley of Rosebank Landscaping (opens in new tab) is renowned for bold, minimalist design, obsessively focused on the intricacies of design detail – and this garden is no exception.

He was briefed to ‘create a classic, contemporary space that provides structure and privacy first and foremost.’

gravel and limestone patio area with yew domes and seating area in modern garden

(Image credit: Clive Nichols)

Keightley harnesses the height, weight and depth of the surrounding architecture of evergreen shrubs both as a backdrop and privacy buttress. ‘We were fortunate to be backed by some beautiful mature trees in the wider landscape and so the ultimate connection is strong, extending outward vistas beyond the boundary,’ he explains. 

However internally the former garden space offered little, and was cleared entirely, with the exception of two mature malus, among the best trees for small gardens and also best trees for fall color, which add grace to the overall new design space.

outdoor seating area and steps up to terrace lines with topiary trees in city garden

(Image credit: Clive Nichols)

Employing various small garden ideas, the resultant internal space was divided geometrically, but not symmetrically, into a series of interconnecting, largely open rooms – dedicated outdoor seating spaces for intimate or more sociable gatherings. 

Subtle changes in levels, and garden screening ideas, like the magnificent stone tablet, or different use of materials, help signal and define change of use and tempo.

limestone paving and steps with gravel paths and low planting in city garden

(Image credit: Clive Nichols)

The predominant hard landscaping material, limestone, ‘chosen for its beautiful tone, depth and movement created by the wonderful prehistoric creatures fossilized within,’ explains Keightley, is both natural yet refined. The elegant stone terraces, low-lying patio step ideas, and paved borders are framed by fine crushed gravel, presenting a spacious, composed and cohesive ‘interior’ – offering a wealth of patio ideas.

topiary trees and ferns in a city garden

(Image credit: Clive Nichols)

‘The garden sits, almost in its entirety, on one level and so subtle hard landscaping ideas, refinements and detailing provide elegant changes to the perceived depth in the space,’ explains Keightley. 

vertical stone slab garden divider behind seating area and planted beds set in hard landscaping

(Image credit: Clive nichols)

Inspired by Dutch designer, Jacques Wirtz’s (opens in new tab) innovative use of ‘topiary’, Keightley transports classical design English garden design elements into contemporary settings, introducing new heights, proportions, dimensions and materials. 

The scale of the topiary was really important and in planning for enormous pieces both at ground level and as vertical garden ideas, ‘has resulted in a hugely impactful city garden that feels serene and almost cathedral-like as you meander through.’ 

topiary trees in raised wooden planter

(Image credit: Clive Nichols)

Keightley refers to the repeated towering trios of immaculately clipped, bare-stem pleached hornbeams, Carpinus betula, which line the garden perimeter as a garden wall idea, buttressed by equally clean-shaven, twin giant hornbeam ‘beehives’, each exactly 13 feet (4m) tall and 6.6 feet (2m) in diameter. 

yew domes and rosemary spheres among evergreen structure

(Image credit: Clive Nichols)

At ground level, muscular yew domes, among the prettiest evergreen plants, grace the far terrace. Unable to find exactly the texture and proportion required to ‘button down the lawn’, perfectionist Keightley, spent 18 months in the studio yard, creating four bespoke, 4 foot (1.2 m diameter), rosemary ‘pincushions’, each precisely clipped to fit his hand-cut wooden template.

grass parterre and evergreen topiary in city garden

(Image credit: Clive Nichols)

The rug-like lawn, a contemporary interpretation of a classical grass parterre garden, and a stolen interior feature, ‘is flanked with a gravel garden path, the crunch of which is pleasing underfoot and softens, yet adds a discreet texture to the hard landscape,’ says Keightley. He made a deliberate decision to push users left and right, to meander around the space, saunter in their own time, relax and enjoy each and every element and composition.

the detailed bark of acer rufinerve

(Image credit: Clive Nichols)

Multi-stem specimen trees, Prunus serrula and Acer rufinerve , among the best fast growing trees, are placed individually in ‘gravel galleries,’ unrestrained, living objets of art, with painterly, textured bark in contrast to the more regimented hornbeam plantings. 

woodland underplanting including ferns and clipped yew

(Image credit: Clive Nichols)

While not masses of space is dedicated to herbaceous arrangements, after all the topiary is positioned, with a light touch and a curated palette, Keightley introduces a scattering of ornamental grasses, ferns with other woodland plants, and a fleck of color from perennials in flower bed ideas. ‘All that was required to lift the space further and give it the energy it needed to become an immersive urban garden that envelops you as you enter.’

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